Respondents largely agree that achieving sustainable growth is the most pressing strategic challenge their companies face (Exhibit 1). Among CFOs, 86 percent report finding new sources of growth (both organic and inorganic) is a challenge, while 77 percent cite balancing long-term growth with short-term investor pressures as a challenge. Other executives agree: 72 percent and 70 percent of them cite these, respectively, as their companies’ strategic challenges. When asked what the most important drivers of this growth might be over the next five years, the largest share of CFOs (45 percent) cite organic growth, compared with 36 percent of non-CFO respondents; CFOs are also less likely to see shifting of resources within the portfolio as the most important driver. These results indicate no real consensus on a single best path to growth or on the actual value of organic growth relative to M&A. They do, however, characterize the perception of CFOs relative to other executives at a time when the influence of CFOs may increase along with their role in strategy. The differences among them suggest at least the likelihood of healthy debate on the sources and sustainability of growth.
Sustainable growth is a pressing challenge.
Regardless of which sources of growth their companies pursue, the results indicate that, in the coming years, CFOs will need to up their game in a wide range of growth-related activities. Among several processes linked to these growth drivers, executives are most likely to say they are extremely or very satisfied with their companies’ effectiveness—and their CFOs’ resource-allocation role—in processes related to portfolio management, including capital allocation, capital-expenditure approval, and profit-and-loss management (Exhibit 2). Yet nearly half of non-CFO executives report less satisfaction with their companies’ effectiveness at processes that drive M&A, as well as expansion into new markets and organic growth (such as new-product development and expansion to adjacent products and services). Not surprisingly, these are the same areas where non-CFO respondents think CFOs could more effectively spend their time.
About the authors
Ankur Agrawal is an associate principal in McKinsey’s New York office, where Kaustubh Joshi is a consultant and Ishaan Seth is a partner.